Treaty process

Find out about Victoria’s nation-leading treaty process.

Victoria’s treaty process consists of 3 phases.

Download the process or find each phase below:

Phase 1

The first phase of Victoria’s treaty process is currently underway. Milestones since early 2016 include extensive community consultations, the appointment of the Victorian Treaty Advancement Commissioner, Jill Gallagher AO, the launch of the award-winning Deadly Questions campaign and passage of Australia’s first treaty legislation.

The first phase will culminate in the establishment of the First Peoples’ Assembly of Victoria, the first democratically-elected representative body for Aboriginal Victorians in the state’s history. It will be made up of 32 Victorian Traditional Owners, as decided through an election period which runs from 16 September – 20 October 2019.

Phase 2

During the second phase of the treaty process, the First Peoples’ Assembly of Victoria will work in partnership with the Victorian Government to establish the elements required to support future treaty negotiations – an independent Treaty Authority, a treaty negotiation framework and a self-determination fund.

Phase 3

The third and final phase of treaty will start once these elements are agreed. Phase Three will involve treaty negotiations between the State and Aboriginal negotiating parties.

A treaty or treaties could recognise historic wrongs, support reconciliation and have positive impacts for all Victorians. While the contents of a treaty will be subject to negotiation between the parties, treaty has the potential to establish new relationships and forge a new, shared future for Victoria.

For information on the First Peoples’ Assembly of Victoria election, visit


16 September - 20 October 2019

To be eligible to enrol to vote in the election, you must be:

  • an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander person
  • 16 years or older

If you are a Traditional Owner of Country in Victoria you can enrol whether you live in Victoria, interstate or overseas.

If your traditional Country is outside Victoria, you need to have lived in Victoria for at least 3 of the past 5 years.

For more information and to enrol to vote, visit

Detail of phase 1

Reviewed 01 October 2019

Aboriginal Victoria

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