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aboriginalvictoria.vic.gov.au

This sets out how government and government-funded organisations will be held to account for delivering services that meet the needs of communities. 

Governance and accountability

Government and government-funded organisations must be held to account for delivering services that meet the needs of communities. Too often, government funding in Aboriginal affairs focuses on outputs – what activities, products or services it is providing and at what cost.

We need to move from measuring outputs to measuring outcomes – what we are achieving for and with Aboriginal Victorians. Government must also be held accountable for changing its systems and structures to enable Aboriginal self-determination.

Government should be held accountable on the outcomes they deliver – the numbers speak for themselves. Community forum participant, Morwell

Aboriginal-led evaluation and review mechanism

Government alone cannot hold itself accountable for improving outcomes for Aboriginal Victorians. Government, Aboriginal organisations and government-funded organisations must be accountable to Aboriginal-led, independent and transparent oversight.

An Aboriginal-led evaluation and review mechanism will be established to track government’s progress against the VAAF. This will include quantitative and qualitative reporting on the goals, objectives and measures, including:

  • efforts to progress the self-determination guiding principles
  • implementation of the broad areas for action that support the four self-determination enablers.

The terms of reference for this mechanism, including its function, scope, membership and governance, will be developed in partnership with community.

Data transparency and accountability

Open, transparent and meaningful data that is disaggregated at the local and regional level is a significant part of government accountability. It tells us what is working and where further action is needed.

Furthermore, increasing Aboriginal ownership and control of data is a key enabler of slf-determination. When community is adequately resourced to undertake this work, data can strengthen Aboriginal advocacy, sector planning and decision-making.

Data sovereignty needs to be advanced. Research, evidence and data should be community owned and controlled. This is a key mechanism for community decision-making. Victorian Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (VACCHO) submission

Next steps

Aboriginal Victorians have suggested a range of additional options to hold government accountable to community for its performance in Aboriginal affairs.

In the first instance, the Victorian Government commits to:

  • commencing work immediately on the development of an Aboriginal-led evaluation and review mechanism
  • publishing disaggregated VAAF data via a public data platform
  • tabling an annual whole-of-government progress report on the VAAF in Parliament
  • exploring potential legislative and policy options to ensure system-wide, whole-of-government adoption and application of the Aboriginal self-determination guiding principles.

VAAF measures

*All measures will be reported using Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal data where available unless specified as an Aboriginal-specific measure.

Domain 1: Children, family & home

Goal 1 : Aboriginal children are born healthy and thrive

Objective 1.1 Improve maternal and infant health

Measure 1.1.1 Rate of low birth weight

Measure 1.1.2 Rate of preterm birth

Measure 1.1.3 Rate of perinatal mortality

Measure 1.1.4 Smoking during pregnancy

Objective 1.2 Children thrive in their first 1000 days

Measure 1.2.1 Participation rates for Maternal and Child Health Key Ages and Stages Consultations

Measure 1.2.2 Attendance at Koori Maternal Health Service

Measure 1.2.3 Immunisation rate at 24 months and 60 months

Measure 1.2.4 Participation in facilitated playgroup (0-3 years)

Goal 2: Aboriginal children are raised by Aboriginal families

Objective 2.1 Eliminate the over-representation of Aboriginal children and young people in care

Measure 2.1.1 Rate and number of children and young people in care

Measure 2.1.2 Number of families engaged with family support and intensive family support services

Objective 2.2 Increase Aboriginal care, guardianship and management of Aboriginal children and young people in care

Measure 2.2.1 Number and proportion of Aboriginal children and young people in care placed with i) relatives/kin and ii) other Aboriginal carers

Measure 2.2.2 Number and proportion of Aboriginal children and young people in care with a Cultural Plan

Measure 2.2.3 Number and proportion of Aboriginal children and young people in care on contractible orders managed by Aboriginal  Community Controlled Organisations (ACCOs)

Measure 2.2.4 Number and proportion of Aboriginal children and young people on protection orders under the direct authority of an ACCO (Section 18)

Objective 2.3 Increase family reunifications for Aboriginal children and young people in care

Measure 2.3.1 Number of children and young people reunified with parent(s) within 12 months of admission to care as a proportion of all Aboriginal children and young people admitted to care

Measure 2.3.2 Number of Aboriginal children and young people who exit care who do not return to care within 12 months as a proportion of all Aboriginal children and young people who exit care

Goal 3: Aboriginal families and households thrive

Objective 3.1 Reduce the incidence and impact of family violence affecting Aboriginal families

Measure 3.1.1 Number and proportion of family incident reports involving an Indigenous other party; and proportion who were the subject of a previous family incident report

Measure 3.1.2 Number and proportion of family incident reports involving an Indigenous affected family member; and proportion who were the subject of a previous family incident report

Measure 3.1.3 Number and proportion of notifications to child protection for children and young people where family violence is identified

Objective 3.2 Increase income and housing security for Aboriginal households

Measure 3.2.1 Proportion of households who had reliable access to sufficient food in previous 12 months

Measure 3.2.2 Proportion of households with less than 50 per cent median equivalised income

Measure 3.2.3 Proportion of households experiencing rental stress

Measure 3.2.4 Proportion of Victorians who are homeless and proportion of clients accessing homelessness services

Measure 3.2.5 Proportion living in overcrowded dwellings

Goal 4: Aboriginal children thrive in the early years

Objective 4.1 Optimise early childhood development and participation in kinder

Measure 4.1.1 Number and proportion of eligible children enrolled in a funded four-year-old kindergarten program in the year before school

Measure 4.1.2 Number of children funded to participate in Early Start Kindergarten

Measure 4.1.3 Proportion of children vulnerable on one or more domain on the Australian Early Development Census

Goal 5: Aboriginal learners excel at school

Objective 5.1 Bring Aboriginal achievement at school in line with learners' aspirations

Measure 5.1.1 Percentage of students in top three bands – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) in Year 3, 5, 7 and 9

Objective 5.2 Increase the proportion of Aboriginal students who feel safe and connected at school 

Measure 5.2.1 Proportion of students who feel connected to their school

Measure 5.2.2 Student attendance rates in government schools

Descriptive Measure 5.2.3: Number of Aboriginal people on school councils

Measure 5.2.4: Proportion of students who report experiencing bullying at school

Descriptive measure 5.2.5: Number and proportion of school-based Aboriginal education workers (principals, teachers, education support staff) across all government schools

Descriptive measure 5.2.6: Number of schools teaching an Aboriginal language

Descriptive Measure 5.2.7: Number and proportion of government schools having undertaken cultural understanding and safety training

Domain 2: Learning & skills

Goal 6: Aboriginal learners are engaged at school

Objective 6.1 Increase Year 12 or equivalent attainment

Measure 6.1.1 Proportion of young people aged 20-24 with Year 12 or equivalent

Measure 6.1.2 Apparent retention rates for students in Years 10 to 12

Measure 6.1.3 Number of Aboriginal students who complete the VCE, VCAL or VET in Schools Certificate

Goal 7: Aboriginal learners achieve their full potential after school

Objective 7.1 Increase the proportion of Aboriginal young people in work or further education and training

Measure 7.1.1 Destinations of Year 12 completers

Measure 7.1.2 Proportion of 17-24-year-old school leavers participating in full-time education and training and/or employment

Measure 7.1.3 Tertiary education participation and completion:

7.1.3a: VET participation rate

7.1.3b: university participation rate

7.1.3c: VET course completion rate

7.1.3d: university course completion rate

Measure 7.1.4 Proportion of 20-64 year olds with qualifications at Certificate III level or above

Measure 7.1.5 Proportion of 20-64-year-old government-funded and total VET graduates employed and/or in further study after training

Measure 7.1.6 Proportion of graduates and cadets employed in VPS; retention, progression and satisfaction

Goal 8: Aboriginal workers achieve wealth equality

Objective 8.1 Increase Aboriginal household income in line with the Victorian median

Measure 8.1.1 Median household income and median equivalised household income

Objective 8.2 Increase Aboriginal home ownership in line with the Victorian average

Measure 8.2.1 Proportion of home owners versus other tenure types (by age bracket)

Objective 8.3 Increase Aboriginal business ownership and support Aboriginal entrepreneurs

Measure 8.3.1 Number of Victorian business owner-managers who are Aboriginal

Measure 8.3.2 Aboriginal businesses that government enters into a purchase agreement with as a proportion of small to medium enterprises government enters into a purchase agreement with

Goal 9: Strong Aboriginal workforce participation, in all sectors and at all levels

Objective 9.1 Increase Aboriginal workforce participation

Measure 9.1.1 Employment to population ratio

Measure 9.1.2 Proportion employed in full-time versus part-time or casual employment

Measure 9.1.3 Aboriginal jobseekers supported into work

Objective 9.2 Increase workforce participation for Aboriginal women

Measure 9.2.1 Workforce participation of women (as measured at 9.1.2)

Objective 9.3 Increase workforce participation for Aboriginal young people, people with a disability and people living in regional areas

Measure 9.3.1 Workforce participation (as measured at 9.1.2) by age, disability status and regional versus metropolitan

Domain 3: Opportunity & prosperity

Objective 9.4 Increase Aboriginal leadership and representation across all sectors and levels

Measure 9.4.1 Aboriginal employment by sector, industry and occupation; with analysis by growth industry

Measure 9.4.2 Proportion of Aboriginal people employed across the VPS (with 2 per cent target by 2022)

Measure 9.4.3 Number of Aboriginal people at VPS 6 level and above in the VPS

Measure 9.4.4 Number of Aboriginal people participating on government boards

Goal 10: Aboriginal income potential is realised

Objective 10.1 Increase Victoria's Aboriginal gross income and decrease the opportunity cost of Aboriginal income inequality

Measure 10.1.1 Victoria's Aboriginal income as sum of all income earned by Aboriginal workers

Measure 10.1.2 Opportunity cost: Aboriginal gross income at parity minus actual

Goal 11: Aboriginal Victorians enjoy health and longevity

Objective 11.1 Improve Aboriginal health status, quality of life and life expectancy

Measure 11.1.1 Life expectancy at birth, by sex

Measure 11.1.2 Proportion reporting ‘excellent or very good’ health status, by sex

Measure 11.1.3 Rate of daily smoking, by sex

Measure 11.1.4 Rate of hospitalisations for potentially preventable causes (vaccine preventable, acute, chronic and all)

Measure 11.1.5 Incidence of selected cancers

Measure 11.1.6 Rate of emergency department presentations for alcohol or drug-related harm

Measure 11.1.7 Specialist alcohol and other drug treatment services provided to Aboriginal Victorians

Goal 12: Aboriginal Victorians access the services they need

Objective 12.1: Improve access to health and community services for all Aboriginal Victorians

Measure 12.1.1 Proportion who received a health check or assessment, by age

Measure 12.1.2 Participation rates for cancer screening

Measure 12.1.3 Proportion and number accessing disability services and the National Disability Insurance Scheme

Measure 12.1.4 Number and proportion accessing aged care services

Measure 12.1.5 Number and proportion of people aged 55 years or over who had an annual health assessment

Descriptive measure 12.1.6 Services implement strategies, partnerships and campaigns, and offer care and support that is inclusive and addresses the needs of Aboriginal people who are LGBTI

Domain 4: Health & wellbeing

Goal 13: Health and community services are culturally safe and responsive

Objective 13.1 Increase the cultural safety and responsiveness of services

Measure 13.1.1 Proportion reporting experiences of racism in the health system

Measure 13.1.2 Proportion reporting positive client experience of GP services

Measure 13.1.3 Hospitalisations where patients left against medical advice/were discharged at own risk

Descriptive measure 13.1.4 Number and proportion of Aboriginal people employed in the health or social services sector

Goal 14: Aboriginal Victorians enjoy social and emotional wellbeing

Objective 14.1 Improve Aboriginal mental health and social and emotional wellbeing

Measure 14.1.1 Proportion reporting ‘high or very high’ levels of psychological and psychosocial distress

Measure 14.1.2 Rate of self-harm-related emergency department presentations (by 15-24 years old, and all)

Measure 14.1.3 Proportion reporting strong social networks they can draw on in times of crisis

Measure 14.1.4 Proportion of Aboriginal Victorians with a disability who have strong social support networks

Measure 14.1.5 Number of Aboriginal Victorians receiving clinical mental health services

Goal 15: Aboriginal over-representation in the justice system is eliminated

Objective 15.1 Decrease the number and eliminate the over-representation of Aboriginal children and young people in the justice system

Measure 15.1.1 Number, rate and age profile of unique youth (10-17 years) alleged offenders processed by police

Measure 15.1.2 Average daily number and rate of children and young people (10-17 years) under youth justice supervision in detention and
the community

Measure 15.1.3 Proportion of first-time youth alleged offenders (10-17 years) cautioned by police

Measure 15.1.4 Proportion of youth (10-17 years) in detention on remand

Objective 15.2 Decrease the number and eliminate the over-representation of Aboriginal women in the justice system

Measure 15.2.1 Number and rate of unique adult female alleged offenders processed by police

Measure 15.2.2 Average daily number and rate of Aboriginal women under corrections supervision in prison and community corrections

Measure 15.2.3 Proportion of women who return to prison under sentence within two years of release

Measure 15.2.4 Proportion of women in prison on remand

Objective 15.3 Decrease the number and eliminate the over-representation of Aboriginal men in the justice system

Measure 15.3.1 Number and rate of unique adult male alleged offenders processed by police

Measure 15.3.2 Average daily number and rate of men under corrections supervision in prison and community corrections

Measure 15.3.3 Proportion of men who return to prison under sentence within two years of release

Measure 15.3.4 Proportion of men in prison on remand

Domain 5: Justice & safety

Goal 16: Aboriginal Victorians have access to safe and effective justice services

Objective 16.1 Increase Aboriginal participation in culturally safe and effective justice prevention, early intervention, diversion and support programs

Measure 16.1.1 Number and proportion of Aboriginal youth receiving intensive bail support through the Koori Intensive Support Program

Measure 16.1.2 Number and proportion of Aboriginal adults receiving intensive bail support

Measure 16.1.3 Number of Aboriginal youth accessing community support programs through youth justice community services

Goal 17: Aboriginal Victorians feel safe and connected

Objective 17.1 Increase community safety and trust in police and the justice system

Measure 17.1.1 Proportion of police officers who have received Aboriginal cultural awareness training

Measure 17.1.2 Proportion who feel safe/very safe walking alone at night in local area

Measure 17.1.3 Proportion who have experienced any violence in the last 12 months

Descriptive measure 17.1.4 Number and proportion of Aboriginal people employed across the justice system

Domain 6: Culture & Country

Goal 18: Aboriginal land, water and cultural rights are realised

Objective 18.1 Increase the recognition and enjoyment of Aboriginal land, water and cultural heritage rights

Measure 18.1.1 Area of Crown land with native title determinations and/or Recognition and Settlement Agreements

Measure 18.1.2 Work of the State in advancing the treaty process

Measure 18.1.3 Number of Registered Aboriginal Parties that have submitted a notice of intention to enter into an Aboriginal cultural heritage land
management agreement

Measure 18.1.4 Number of Whole of Country Plans published

Measure 18.1.5 Number of Joint Management Plans and area of land covered

Measure 18.1.6 Number of cultural burns conducted

Measure 18.1.7 Number of formal partnership agreements for planning and management between Aboriginal communities and key water and
catchment agencies

Goal 19: Aboriginal culture and language are supported and celebrated

Objective 19.1 Support the preservation, promotion and practice of culture and languages

Measure 19.1.1 Participation in community events which celebrate Aboriginal culture

Measure 19.1.2 Investment in Aboriginal language and culture revitalisation programs

Goal 20: Racism is eliminated

Objective 20.1 Address and eliminate racism

Measure 20.1.1 Proportion of Aboriginal people who report having experienced racism in the previous 12 months

Measure 20.1.2 Prevalence of racist attitudes against Aboriginal Victorians held by the Victorian community

Reviewed 04 October 2019

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